Received 12. 10. 2010 -- 17:25 fromfrom
n0name newsletter Spezial #7
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n0name newsletter Spezial #7 Di., 12.10.2010 15:58 CET
as is often the case false representations do apply to those who are
not present. The following bold and simple text does not prove this
wrong. Nevertheless a sexy migrant background may result from efforts
of academics or off-intellectuals who can not really cope with the
situations of inner and outer borders as well as with their own
limitated options of symbolic forms. In between two shows about
Migration and Mobility I have re-edited points, very sketchy
though, which may brought up the the theme called Migration which
some would euphemistically label a discourse -- a debate at issue.
As a matter of fact toxic sludge with mining waste in Hungary causing
death and spreading over Europe's river Danube is something else than
a no border campaign (www.noborder.org) with demonstrations in
Brussels. Anyhow the context is the same inasmuch as the borders a
marked here as artificial limitations but defended by a Regime. The
Film "Grossstadtzigeuner" ("Big City Gypsies") from LÃ¡szlÃ³ Moholy-Nagy
was screened in the Collegium Hungaricum in Berlin last month,
showing the big Roma Community in Berlin in 1932, few years before the
catastrophe. There are no pictures to be found like these today I
guess. But there is no need for fancy theory to realise that not only
France is expelling them again, the people and with them the pictures.
I would like to thank Mindaugas Gapsevicius for encouraging me to
write this article below and his lecturer within a EU-Project for
checking the writing (some errors may be left). The article was
supposed to be published within a book but -- to overwork -- it now
migrates to mailing lists and handouts.
 "The Tourist Syndrome" (www.transientspaces.org) ended last Sunday
and "Migrating Art Academies" (www.migaa.eu) holds a conference
next Friday and Saturday in Berlin.
Matze Schmidt, 12.10.2010
< 1814 -1826 A Non-Euclidean geometry (Nikolai Lobachevsky, Carl
Friedrich Gauss) questions which geometrical space
best fits physical space.
1825 Begin of the periodic economic crises in the most
developed country at that time: Great Britain. The
amount of exports falls below the total of 1824.
1843 May 5th, opening of the rail lines Paris â€“ Orleans
and Paris â€“ Rouen. The Parisian migrant Heinrich
Heine says while overemphasising the loss of real
space in a pretended Hyperspace of industrial
media: "Space is killed by the railways, and we are
left with time alone." At the end of the same year
Heine visits Germany. This land is, at the time, a
kind of confederation of countries (Deutscher Bund)
but not yet a united nation before the
1848 The _Manifesto of the Communist Party_ as issued by
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels states that there is a
World Market "for which the discovery of America
paved the way".
1863 United States President Abraham Lincoln issues the
_Emancipation Proclamation_ during the American Civil
War declaring the freedom of all slaves in any state
of the Confederate States of America as a war measure
of the industrialised north against the agricultural
~ 1870 - 1900 Blues emerges, the music and reflection method in the
spare time of black workers and 'post-slaves' within
African-American communities in the Deep South of the
1914 - 1918 The so-called First World War reshapes Europe and
more than 15 Million 'migrate' into graves.
1922 El Lissitzky makes the collage and drawing "Vladimir
Tatlin working on his Monument to the Third
International". The Monument is also kown as
"Tatlin's Tower" for Petrograd. The Third
International aka "Commintern" was founded March
2-6, 1919 at a congress in Moscow.
1929 ... The "Great Depression" takes place. This and the Dust
Bowl in the American and Canadian prairie lands
precipitates a high unemployment rate in the US
(exceeding 20%) and a wave of national migration
described in John Steinbeck's _The Grapes of Wrath_.
The ensuing worldwide economic downturn in the 1930s
may be seen as the trigger for developments which
lead to the aggression of of Nazi Germany and the
Second World War.
1933 ... Jewish and other Diaspora is caused by the Shoah and
1950s The German "Wirtschaftswunder" ("economic miracle")
happens. The Volkswagen "Beetle", a car model from
the Nazi Regime era, is the icon of West German
1957 First postwar economical crisis (industrial output in
developed capitalist countries declines 4 percent).
Founding of the Situationist International (SI), not
only "famous" for Psychogeography, DÃ©rive and the
critique against the Spectacle as the contemporary
(20th century) form of capitalism.
1950s/60s Profit Rates are all in all high. In Marx' Critique of
of Political Economy (Capital), the rate of profit
(r) are measured as
r = surplus-value / capital invested
where surplus-value corresponds to unpaid labor in
the production process or to profits, interest, and
rent (property income). First mainly in the US and
then in Great Britain and later global phenomenons
like Pop and Pop Art affirm and subvert this
conjuncture, NO!Art opposes.
1962 Computer scientist J. C. R. Licklider discusses his
concept for a "Intergalactic Computer Network" with
other colleagues of the BBN Technologies company, a
supplier of arms.
1967 Negative rates of economic growth for the first time
in Germany after the Second World War: -0,3 % (1967)
and -1,3% (1975) growth rate of the Gross Domestic
1970 The band Led Zeppelin records the "Immigrant Song"
built on nordic myths in the lyrics and on a
quasi-variant of Blues called Hard Rock. It was
written during a tour of Iceland, Britain and Germany.
1972 The concept of "deterritorialisation" is subsumed by
Gilles Deleuze and FÃ©lix Guattari in _Anti-Oedipus_,
a critique of capitalism as the super power and a
turning away from the critique of political economy
towards a non-linear sort of sub-and-super-structure
of labor and libido. Deterritorialisation, the
weakening of the ties of space and culture
and economy is always accompanied by
reterritorialization. There are missing links
between deterritorialisation and Post-Fordism (which
is however communicated as a kind of
Â»De-TaylorisationÂ« in the sector of production) and
the terminology around the "Symbolic Worker",
which is complexly put together and
economically/politically speaking nothing more than
an update of the mode of production based on new
productive forces called the computer plus internet.
Within intranets corporations tunnel outcomes of
symbolic work. Universities maintain their own High
Speed Computer Networks ever since the days of the
ARPANET in the 1960s, the proto-internet as a
synthesis of business, science and a monopoly on the
use of force.
1976 Drafts of the reduction of real wages by holding a
reserve army of labor (unemployed) according to the
OECD's "A Growth Scenario to 1980", a "Special
Supplement to the Economic Outlook" from July 19,
1976 in consideration of declining rates of profit.
Profit is the must for every single capital in
competition with other capital. Competition means
that firms have to invest in variable capital (wages
etc. for workers) and constant capital (new machines,
new material) progressively so as to not fall behind
other competitors. This may result in the tendency
for the rate of profit to fall because investments
tend increase on the basis of new technologies and
competition. This is not a vicious circle of logic
but a step ladder. The OECD is the Organisation for
Economic Co-operation and Development and is acting
by reviews and forecasts, and through "soft law" for
the market economy of all its member states, here:
from welfare to workfare. Time of the Punk (Music)
Explosion with referencies to the Situationists.
According to legend Jimmy Page and Robert Plant
(Led Zeppelin) are puzzled when visiting a Punk
Early 1980s Recession â€“ Negative GDP growth in the USA. States
begin to "pump" money into circulation.
1980s & 1990s Exacerbated competition on the world market of single
capital and national capital does not precipitate a
big general economical crisis but has certain
downscaling showing a capped economic crisis cycle.
According to the International Labour Organisation
growth rates of the World GDP in the early 1980s
occasionally fell below 1%, in the mid-1980s and
below the 3% mark at the beginning of the 21st
~ 1991 For the first time the author about a "Hypermobile
Class" which is naturally not a 'classical class' in
terms of economics but a social class, a social
stratification, a part of the class of workers or
employees that is highly educated. In fact this group
may be described as a sub-group or form of the
working class enjoying a sort of cosmopolitan status,
a group of privileged subjects, freelancers who are
able to switch nations (the formal formation of
national capital) and shift cultures (the habitual
room of meanings inside a nation or a region). This
circumstance causes a drift in identities.
1992 _Diversi, ma insieme_ [Different but together] from
Milan write: "Inside the Fortress Europe a double
function is intended for immigrants: an 'economical'
role within the framework of the projects of the
enterprisers for a deregulation of the labor market
â€“ here they have to fill the gaps of the shadow
economy and a 'political-social' function as 'outer
enemy', against whom a future european people's
community is to form and to mobilise."
1999 ... Signing of the _Bologna Declaration_ by Ministers of
Education from 29 European (and beyond) countries
creating a "European Higher Education Area" (EHEA) to
enhance the competitiveness of a realm inclusive
Island, Turkey and Russia and other states by
cutting down costs. The EHEA envisages among other
things "to facilitate mobility of students" and
"prepare students for their future careers and for
life as active citizens in democratic societies".
The label "Bologna Process" for this undertaking is
a quite symbolic one since Bologna is home to the
oldest university in the Western world founded in
1088. Thus it adresses a historic layer as well as
the discourse of a European centralisation on the
superstructure that seeks to avoid Brain Drain. It
appears as a reaction to the Human Capital Flight or
emigration of an elite-to-be (including a sub-elite
formed by the separating education system with
bachelor and/or master degrees). The concept of
deterritorialization does not seem to fit here.
Article 14 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of
the European Union guarantees the right to
education. Of course the wage shares in the Euro
Area and the USA as a percentage of GDP have
decreased since the early 1990s, especially in
Europe â€“ from nearly 62% (1991) to about 57% (2005)
with a continual downward trend. This, along with
the general profit squeeze and progressively
falling GDPs, raises costs for the social systems
across the European Union (EU) occuring in
unemployment and cutting welfare and social-security
payments and seems to affect the educational system
in the EU as a whole and fundamental rights and
duties of citizens.
2000 - 2009 The EU de facto reintroduces the death penalty
according to the Explanation 3. aka "'negativeâ€™
definitions" of "Article 2: Right to Life" of the
_Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European
Union_ regarding sentence 2 ("No one shall be
condemned to the death penalty, or executed.")
referring to the European Convention on Human
Rights from 1953 ("The death penalty shall be
abolished. No one shall be condemned to such
penalty or executed."):
"Deprivation of life shall not be regarded as
inflicted in contravention of this article
[Art. 2] when it results from the use of force
which is no more than absolutely necessary:
* in action lawfully taken for the purpose of
quelling a riot or insurrection."
This information can be found via deeplink (a
hyperlink that points to a specific page or file)
to a PDF file named "Explanations relating to the
complete text [...]" within the webpage containing
the Article 2 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights
of the EU. This negative definition entered formally
as part of the law (!) into force on December 1,
2009 after the Treaty of Lisbon. It is an expression
of the fear of social frictions.
2002 "Alpha 3.4", the webwalking project is presented by
tsunamii.net at the Documenta 11 in Kassel (Germany)
in 2002. Tien Wei Woon, Charles Lim Yi Young and
others from Singapore extrapolate by means of an
online GPS-mapping the relations of the physical
geographic space order to the order of the switching
of IPs (Internet Protocol), the adresses in the
locating system for dispatching within the WWW.
2003 Heath Bunting and others in 2003 offer "tour de
fence" trainings in the "real world" related to the
utopia of a virtuality demarcated internet or media
space without borders. Remember that Singaporean
students may easily get a (state) grant but they have
to returm to their home state.
2004 About 14 billion US-Dollars are retransfered to
Mexiko by migrant workers.
2006 Le Monde publishes photos by Juan Medina (Reuters) on
the 10th of May showing an African refugee crawling
through the rows of holiday makers on the beach of
Fuerteventura, one of the Canary Islands in the
Atlantic Ocean, off the west coast of Africa.
2008 A crisis of overproduction, which began in the
construction and real estate sector, leads to unsold
goods and is concealed by a "Financial Crisis"
(banks deny credits to banks). It is followed by
huge State Debts in most developed countries as a
result of the turnover of the credit system into the
monetary system (Business-to-business transaction
invoices have to be settled with cash not credit).
This results in giant state credits for the
financial sector: according to the International
Monetary Fund (2009) up to over 80% in France, over
100% in Italy and to over 220% in Japan of GDP for
the year of 2010.
2010 - now The author Matze Schmidt outlines a simple but
sophisticated list of historical data, dates and
terms within a range of subjects from economics to
migration in western perspective entitled the
_Curriculum Vitae of Bologna Process_, as if it were
the CV of a subject or persona but lacking a
comprehensive listing of personal history or any
real personal information. An author is a
'post-heroic' factor, it is a non-dead fact. An
acquaintance of the author says, that nobody is
interested in _Second Life_ as a setting for a
global non-national territory anymore except a
friend of a friend, known to the author as well,
who still believes in 3D. Beliefs in a technology
driven intergalactic "Social Galaxy" seem to
collapse because of contradictions with restraints.
Whereas for instance with Google's technologies
there is evidence to presume that sociation is
happening. Export surplusses seem to be dearly
bought with budget cuts though and even Google has
dismissed staff. Prof Gundolf S. Freyermuth, a
self-described "digital immigrant" (person born
before ca. 1980) as opposed to a "digital native"
(person born after ca. 1980) suggested during an
interview on the 'old' medium of radio on August 19
that cultures in nations which are open to what he
calls the "digital future" will be more competitive.
The phrase "digital immigrant" reproduces an
ethnogical terminology and thinking. As a consequence
of this a radical immigrant from the
pre-personal-computer time-space who immigrated
into the current 'digital' time-space had to settle
in the most competitive territories of today â€“ just
as the digital native. One can call this the
integrated but inter-national area. The SI called it
the spectacle. Freyermuth has a ranch in Arizona.
(c) 2010 n0name
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